The most significant and transforming discovery that Achilles makes, however, relates to his new understanding of the redemptive power of a richly humane brand of heroism that transcends the expression of that virtue in the limited context provided by war.It is Priam who teaches Achilles this lesson in book 24 through his courageous humility in appearing before him and his willingness, in order to honor Hector, to kiss the hands of the man who has slaughtered so many of his sons.Something interesting I discovered today was the link between the David and Goliath story and Homer’s Iliad.I’ve already come to understand how much of the Old Testament (especially the flood story, but there are others) were lifted from Sumerian stories (Abraham was raised in, and left behind, a highly developed Sumerian culture before founding his new religious movement).
The Odyssey focuses on the journey home of Odysseus, king of Ithaca, after the fall of Troy.
Nestor, fighting on foot, then takes the chariot of his enemy, while David, on foot, takes the sword of Goliath.
The enemy army then flees, the victors pursue and slaughter them and return with their bodies, and the boy-hero is acclaimed by the people.
Many accounts of Homer's life circulated in classical antiquity, the most widespread being that he was a blind bard from Ionia, a region of central coastal Anatolia in present-day Turkey.
The modern scholarly consensus is that these traditions do not have any historical value.
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This study focuses on three interconnecting subjects: the relationship of human beings to the external forces-the gods-which are operative in the universe; the concept of heroism in war and beyond war which fulfills the human aspiration for meaning in existence; and the process of emotional, intellectual, and psychological evolution by which the poem's hero, Achilles, evolves from a state of narcissistic indifference to the fate of other human beings to the capacity to demonstrate compassion to those who have been his most hated enemies.